Attack on the Rhineland

The winter of 1944: British Field Marshal Montgomery is planning a large-scale operation to conquer the left bank of the Rhine. In just a month and a half, the army grows to almost 500,000 soldiers. It is the largest Allied attack since Normandy on the smallest battlefield! Early February 1945, the thaw sets in and tanks get stuck in the rain and mud. Operation Veritable turns into a mud bath.

Operation Veritable is the code name for the Allied advance to Germany on 8 February 1945. Due to days of rain and strong German resistance, the advance is slow.

By the end of 1944, the Netherlands has been liberated up to the great rivers. The only place where the British army can enter Germany without crossing a river is in the area of Nijmegen. British Field Marshal Montgomery plans a large-scale operation to conquer the left bank of the Rhine. It is the biggest attack since Normandy for the Brits and the Canadians and on the smallest battlefield. At the beginning of February 1945, almost half a million men with more than 1000 artillery guns and 34,000 vehicles on a ten kilometres front line are ready for the attack. Montgomery hopes to reach the Rhine quickly by attacking over frozen, wintery terrain. The attack starts with a gigantic artillery bombardment, which stuns the defenders, but it is thawing so much that the operation turns into one big mud bath. (source:

Read more about the Rhineland Offensive on


View the story about Operation Veritable

Route Water as a Weapon – Rinderen

In October 1944 the German troops decide to flood a large part of the Dutch-German border area to avert an attack from the Allies. In December 1944, when the water in the Rhine is at a high, German soldiers use heavy explosives to make a hole in the dyke in Driel. Their actions cause a huge flood which has grave consequences for the people living there, the warring factions and a few barge owners. In early February of 1945, dykes in the vicinity of Kleve in Germany are blown up, but, fortunately, do not stop the Allied advance.

More about this route

Experience ‘Gelderland Remembers’ at the following events

17 Nov

Luister- en muziekvoorstelling: ‘Vechten, vluchten, overleven’

14 Sep - 17 Nov

Tentoonstelling ‘Jac Maris, Gab Smulders en de Tweede Wereldoorlog’

18 Nov

Vrijheidstribunaal #1 klaagt aan: het collectieve geheugen

20 Nov

Gelders Debat: Vrijheid, Democratie en Herinneringstoerisme

26 Nov

Herdenking crash B-17 bommenwerper in het Boschbad in Apeldoorn

28 Nov

Themalezing: Rabbijn Salomons en de opvang van Duitse joodse vluchtelingen na 1933

29 Nov

Herdenking Dwangarbeiders Apeldoorn 29-11-2019

1 Sep - 30 Nov

Tentoonstelling 75 jaar Market Garden

From September till the end of November exhibition 75 year Market Garden

1 Dec

Cafe van Lin 1944

"Café van Lin", a concept in Overasselt for decades, has disappeared from the streets for years. The cafe was used by the occupiers, later by the allies. After the liberation, Josephine Baker performed in this cafe.

7 Sep - 8 Dec

de Mix de Stilde, foto expositie

1 Sep - 13 Dec

Tentoonstelling Slag om Arnhem in Rozet

The Battle of Arnhem in comic books and quotes from diaries.

2 Sep - 20 Dec

Educatie VO: Slag om Arnhem in strips

Education about popular visual culture in which the Battle of Arnhem is depict.

2 Sep - 20 Dec

Educatie PO: Slag om Arnhem in strips

Visit Rozet with your class and discover the Battle of Arnhem.

21 Dec

Familiedag met kerst in het museum

21 Dec

Top2000 Popkoren Contest – Freedom

Experience the best songs of all time sung by the best pop choirs in the Netherlands in the TOP2000 Pop Choirs Contest. This year 's theme is Freedom beause of Gelderland Commemorates.

24 Dec

Lichtjes op oorlogsgraven Airborne begraafplaats Oosterbeek

Placing candles on Christmas Eve on the war graves of the Airborne cemetery at Oosterbeek, to honor those who gave their lives for our freedom. Candles will be present, we hope for many interested people who want to provide each grave with a candle.

12 Mar - 31 Dec

Escape Room WO-II: Drukkerij

In our educational Escape Room you have an hour to solve all riddles and crack the codes. A piece of Nijmegen history comes to life in this unique experience.

9 Jul - 31 Dec

75 bijzondere Sunset Marches

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