Flooding, shelling and evacuations

After the failure of Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the area between the Waal and the Rhine forms the new frontline. The battles are fierce with heavy shelling from both sides. The civilian population is trapped in the middle of this violence, and soon the decision is made to evacuate the area. A large number of evacuees face an uncertain future.

After the battle of Arnhem, the Betuwe region is badly hit by shelling from the Allies who have been stationed on the south side of the Meuse since the advance in September 1944 came to a halt. For nine months, the area formed the line between liberated and occupied Netherlands. Nowhere else in Europe has one region been at the frontline for such a long period. There is a growing concern about the fate of the civilians in the combat zone. Citizens face flooding, continuous shelling and evacuations (Source: wo2gld.nl)

The darkest days in the history of Putten—1 and 2 October 1944—are also during the period at the frontline. Just after midnight on 1 October, the resistance commits a largely unsuccessful attack on a car with German officers and the occupying forces take revenge. Seven people are shot by the Germans in the following days, and no less than 659 men aged between eighteen and fifty are taken to camp Amersfoort. More than 500 people do not survive the Putten roundup.

Read more about the roundup in Putten or about the Betuwe being at the frontline on Liberationroute.com.

View the story about the Frontline period

Route Water as a Weapon – Driel

The marigold symbolises the suffering of civilians in wartime, and the path follows the German line of defence. Elst (L31) and its surroundings were under heavy fire at the beginning of October 1944. Defensive German troops and advancing Allies fought hard. The muddy open terrain and high water level made it difficult to advance and take cover. The tower of the Great Church of Elst was set on fire. The strategic Linge bridges are fiercely fought over. At the end of 1944, the Germans flood a large part of the region.

More about this route

Experience ‘Gelderland Remembers’ at the following events

15 Jul

Cineac voor kinderen

16 Jul

Anne Frank middag

28 Jul

Workshop ‘Het leven van de parachutist in WO2’

29 Jul

Spionagetraining

29 Jul

Spionagetraining

29 Jan - 31 Jul

Uitgave oorlogsdagboek 1944 – 1945 Frans Kragt Hzn.

13 Dec - 1 Aug

Herdenkingsroute Ermelo 75 jaar bevrijding

Memorial route along numerous places in and around the village of Ermelo that have been significant during the war years. Attention is paid to visible traces from the mobilization period, hiding places, German practice and army places and monuments.

5 Aug

Spionagetraining

9 Aug

Battlefield Fietstour ‘Fietsen zonder parachute’

12 Aug

Cineac voor kinderen

14 Aug

Actie ‘Niet Weggooien’

14 Aug

Regionale Indië Herdenking

15 Aug

Indisch Vrijheidsmaal

15 Aug

Heel Nijmegen vlagt op 15 augustus!

Actief

Flag Protocol August 15th

16 Aug

Battlefield Fietstour ‘Fietsen zonder parachute’

18 Aug

Anne Frank middag

18 Aug

Anne Frank middag

19 Aug

Spionagetraining

A Gelderland Remembers pocket guide for on the go

  • All current activities available in one app
  • Multiple experiences routes with stories along impressive historical locations
  • An overview of restaurants, hotels and campsites in your area

Download the FREE app via Google Play or the App Store: