Flooding, shelling and evacuations

After the failure of Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the area between the Waal and the Rhine forms the new frontline. The battles are fierce with heavy shelling from both sides. The civilian population is trapped in the middle of this violence, and soon the decision is made to evacuate the area. A large number of evacuees face an uncertain future.

After the battle of Arnhem, the Betuwe region is badly hit by shelling from the Allies who have been stationed on the south side of the Meuse since the advance in September 1944 came to a halt. For nine months, the area formed the line between liberated and occupied Netherlands. Nowhere else in Europe has one region been at the frontline for such a long period. There is a growing concern about the fate of the civilians in the combat zone. Citizens face flooding, continuous shelling and evacuations (Source: wo2gld.nl)

The darkest days in the history of Putten—1 and 2 October 1944—are also during the period at the frontline. Just after midnight on 1 October, the resistance commits a largely unsuccessful attack on a car with German officers and the occupying forces take revenge. Seven people are shot by the Germans in the following days, and no less than 659 men aged between eighteen and fifty are taken to camp Amersfoort. More than 500 people do not survive the Putten roundup.

Read more about the roundup in Putten or about the Betuwe being at the frontline on Liberationroute.com.

View the story about the Frontline period

Route Water as a Weapon – Driel

The marigold symbolises the suffering of civilians in wartime, and the path follows the German line of defence. Elst (L31) and its surroundings were under heavy fire at the beginning of October 1944. Defensive German troops and advancing Allies fought hard. The muddy open terrain and high water level made it difficult to advance and take cover. The tower of the Great Church of Elst was set on fire. The strategic Linge bridges are fiercely fought over. At the end of 1944, the Germans flood a large part of the region.

More about this route

Experience ‘Gelderland Remembers’ at the following events

17 Nov

Luister- en muziekvoorstelling: ‘Vechten, vluchten, overleven’

14 Sep - 17 Nov

Tentoonstelling ‘Jac Maris, Gab Smulders en de Tweede Wereldoorlog’

18 Nov

Vrijheidstribunaal #1 klaagt aan: het collectieve geheugen

20 Nov

Gelders Debat: Vrijheid, Democratie en Herinneringstoerisme

26 Nov

Herdenking crash B-17 bommenwerper in het Boschbad in Apeldoorn

28 Nov

Themalezing: Rabbijn Salomons en de opvang van Duitse joodse vluchtelingen na 1933

29 Nov

Herdenking Dwangarbeiders Apeldoorn 29-11-2019

1 Sep - 30 Nov

Tentoonstelling 75 jaar Market Garden

From September till the end of November exhibition 75 year Market Garden

1 Dec

Cafe van Lin 1944

"Café van Lin", a concept in Overasselt for decades, has disappeared from the streets for years. The cafe was used by the occupiers, later by the allies. After the liberation, Josephine Baker performed in this cafe.

7 Sep - 8 Dec

de Mix de Stilde, foto expositie

1 Sep - 13 Dec

Tentoonstelling Slag om Arnhem in Rozet

The Battle of Arnhem in comic books and quotes from diaries.

2 Sep - 20 Dec

Educatie VO: Slag om Arnhem in strips

Education about popular visual culture in which the Battle of Arnhem is depict.

2 Sep - 20 Dec

Educatie PO: Slag om Arnhem in strips

Visit Rozet with your class and discover the Battle of Arnhem.

21 Dec

Familiedag met kerst in het museum

21 Dec

Top2000 Popkoren Contest – Freedom

Experience the best songs of all time sung by the best pop choirs in the Netherlands in the TOP2000 Pop Choirs Contest. This year 's theme is Freedom beause of Gelderland Commemorates.

24 Dec

Lichtjes op oorlogsgraven Airborne begraafplaats Oosterbeek

Placing candles on Christmas Eve on the war graves of the Airborne cemetery at Oosterbeek, to honor those who gave their lives for our freedom. Candles will be present, we hope for many interested people who want to provide each grave with a candle.

12 Mar - 31 Dec

Escape Room WO-II: Drukkerij

In our educational Escape Room you have an hour to solve all riddles and crack the codes. A piece of Nijmegen history comes to life in this unique experience.

9 Jul - 31 Dec

75 bijzondere Sunset Marches

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