Flooding, shelling and evacuations

After the failure of Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the area between the Waal and the Rhine forms the new frontline. The battles are fierce with heavy shelling from both sides. The civilian population is trapped in the middle of this violence, and soon the decision is made to evacuate the area. A large number of evacuees face an uncertain future.

After the battle of Arnhem, the Betuwe region is badly hit by shelling from the Allies who have been stationed on the south side of the Meuse since the advance in September 1944 came to a halt. For nine months, the area formed the line between liberated and occupied Netherlands. Nowhere else in Europe has one region been at the frontline for such a long period. There is a growing concern about the fate of the civilians in the combat zone. Citizens face flooding, continuous shelling and evacuations (Source: wo2gld.nl)

The darkest days in the history of Putten—1 and 2 October 1944—are also during the period at the frontline. Just after midnight on 1 October, the resistance commits a largely unsuccessful attack on a car with German officers and the occupying forces take revenge. Seven people are shot by the Germans in the following days, and no less than 659 men aged between eighteen and fifty are taken to camp Amersfoort. More than 500 people do not survive the Putten roundup.

Read more about the roundup in Putten or about the Betuwe being at the frontline on Liberationroute.com.

View the story about the Frontline period

Route Water as a Weapon – Driel

The marigold symbolises the suffering of civilians in wartime, and the path follows the German line of defence. Elst (L31) and its surroundings were under heavy fire at the beginning of October 1944. Defensive German troops and advancing Allies fought hard. The muddy open terrain and high water level made it difficult to advance and take cover. The tower of the Great Church of Elst was set on fire. The strategic Linge bridges are fiercely fought over. At the end of 1944, the Germans flood a large part of the region.

More about this route

Experience ‘Gelderland Remembers’ at the following events

24 Mar - 21 Sep

Vermoorde kunst – werk van joodse kunstenaars

24 Sep

Arnhem tijdens de bezetting 1940-1945

Actief

Lecture on Arnhem in the period 1940-1945

7 - 25 Sep

De White Ribbon Mile

26 Sep

Fietstocht ‘Waalstad in oorlog. Nijmegen-Oost tussen hoop en vrees’

26 Sep

Fietstocht ‘Waalstad in oorlog. Nijmegen-Oost tussen hoop en vrees’

27 Sep

Battlefield Fietstour ‘De bevrijding van Nijmegen’

Bicycle tour (on your own bike) of 10 km over the battlefields of WW2 around the bridges in Nijmegen accompanied by two guides.

27 Sep

Battlefield Fietstour ‘De bevrijding van Nijmegen’

Bicycle tour (on your own bike) of 10 km over the battlefields of WW2 around the bridges in Nijmegen accompanied by two guides (Dutch spoken).

27 Sep

Battlefield Fietstour ‘De bevrijding van Nijmegen’

Bicycle tour (on your own bike) of 10 km over the battlefields of WW2 around the bridges in Nijmegen accompanied by two guides.

27 Sep

Battlefield Fietstour ‘De bevrijding van Nijmegen’

Bicycle tour (on your own bike) of 10 km over the battlefields of WW2 around the bridges in Nijmegen accompanied by two guides.

27 Sep

Battlefield Fietstour ‘De bevrijding van Nijmegen’

Bicycle tour (on your own bike) of 10 km over the battlefields of WW2 around the bridges in Nijmegen accompanied by two guides.

1 - 30 Sep

Airborne expositie: Missies van Toen en Nu

3 Apr - 30 Sep

Moos Cohen

Exhibition of the work of Moos Cohen, painter, born in Tiel, lived in Amsterdam and was assasinated in Auschwitz in 1942.

1 - 30 Sep

Airborne expositie: Missies van Toen en Nu

1 - 30 Sep

Airborne expositie: Missies van Toen en Nu

4 Oct

Fieldtrips van Grateful Generation Tours

The Freedom Museum in cooperation with Grateful Generation tours will organize exciting fieldtrips along the battlefields of Operation Market Garden in an authentic Willys MB from WW2 (2 to 3 persons, a maximum of 1 group is allowed at the same time).

4 Oct

Fieldtrips van Grateful Generation Tours

The Freedom Museum in cooperation with Grateful Generation tours will organize exciting fieldtrips along the battlefields of Operation Market Garden in an authentic Willys MB from WW2 (2 to 3 persons).

14 Oct

Workshop ‘Het leven van de parachutist in WO2’

14 Oct

Workshop ‘Het leven van de parachutist in WO2’

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