Gelderland Remembers

Thousands of deaths, huge numbers of evacuees, unimaginable damage to homes and other buildings—all the result of the final year of the Second World War in Gelderland. From 17 September 1944 to May 1945, this province was at the frontline in the Netherlands. Cities and villages were under fire; Arnhem, the Veluwezoom and the surroundings of Groesbeek were evacuated and flooded. All regions of Gelderland were affected by the war in that period.

On 17 September 1944, Gelderland and Noord-Brabant were the battlegrounds during Operation Market Garden. Tens of thousands of paratroopers landed near Arnhem, Groesbeek, Veghel and Eindhoven. A ground army of tens of thousands more soldiers and heavy equipment advanced north from the Belgian border. The Allies intended to conquer the bridges over the great rivers and advance into the Ruhr area—the heart of Germany—via Gelderland. The operation was only partially successful, Arnhem turned out to be a bridge too far, and the battle there was lost. The south of the Netherlands was liberated, the north and the middle remained occupied, and the big cities in the west were facing a terrible famine. Until the liberation in April and May, Gelderland and, more specifically, the region of the great rivers formed the frontline of the war.

Gelderland Remembers - 75 Years of Freedom

5 stories

Operation Market Garden

Operation Market Garden

A bridge too far

The year is1944, and the war is raging at full force. During Operation Market Garden, tens of thousands of Allied paratroopers land in occupied territory and a ground army advances from the Belgian border. The…

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Frontline period

Frontline period

Flooding, shelling and evacuations

After the failure of Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the area between the Waal and the Rhine forms the new frontline. The battles are fierce with heavy shelling from both sides. The civilian population…

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Persecution of the Jews

Threat, terror, exclusion, persecution and deportation

At the end of 1942, Jewish Gelderlanders are arrested and transported by train to Westerbork. Many of them end up at Auschwitz where they are gassed. Jewish patients from Het Apeldoornsche Bosch psychiatric facility undergo…

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Operation Veritable

Operation Veritable

Attack on the Rhineland

The winter of 1944: British Field Marshal Montgomery is planning a large-scale operation to conquer the left bank of the Rhine. In just a month and a half, the army grows to almost 500,000 soldiers….

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Canadians liberate Gelderland

At the end of March 1945, Allied units enter Dutch territory in the Achterhoek. After heavy fighting, the path to liberate the rest of the Netherlands is open. On 5 May 1945, German General Blaskowitz…

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Experience ‘Gelderland Remembers’ at the following events

17 Nov

Luister- en muziekvoorstelling: ‘Vechten, vluchten, overleven’

14 Sep - 17 Nov

Tentoonstelling ‘Jac Maris, Gab Smulders en de Tweede Wereldoorlog’

18 Nov

Vrijheidstribunaal #1 klaagt aan: het collectieve geheugen

20 Nov

Gelders Debat: Vrijheid, Democratie en Herinneringstoerisme

26 Nov

Herdenking crash B-17 bommenwerper in het Boschbad in Apeldoorn

28 Nov

Themalezing: Rabbijn Salomons en de opvang van Duitse joodse vluchtelingen na 1933

29 Nov

Herdenking Dwangarbeiders Apeldoorn 29-11-2019

1 Sep - 30 Nov

Tentoonstelling 75 jaar Market Garden

From September till the end of November exhibition 75 year Market Garden

1 Dec

Cafe van Lin 1944

"Café van Lin", a concept in Overasselt for decades, has disappeared from the streets for years. The cafe was used by the occupiers, later by the allies. After the liberation, Josephine Baker performed in this cafe.

7 Sep - 8 Dec

de Mix de Stilde, foto expositie

1 Sep - 13 Dec

Tentoonstelling Slag om Arnhem in Rozet

The Battle of Arnhem in comic books and quotes from diaries.

2 Sep - 20 Dec

Educatie VO: Slag om Arnhem in strips

Education about popular visual culture in which the Battle of Arnhem is depict.

2 Sep - 20 Dec

Educatie PO: Slag om Arnhem in strips

Visit Rozet with your class and discover the Battle of Arnhem.

21 Dec

Familiedag met kerst in het museum

21 Dec

Top2000 Popkoren Contest – Freedom

Experience the best songs of all time sung by the best pop choirs in the Netherlands in the TOP2000 Pop Choirs Contest. This year 's theme is Freedom beause of Gelderland Commemorates.

24 Dec

Lichtjes op oorlogsgraven Airborne begraafplaats Oosterbeek

Placing candles on Christmas Eve on the war graves of the Airborne cemetery at Oosterbeek, to honor those who gave their lives for our freedom. Candles will be present, we hope for many interested people who want to provide each grave with a candle.

12 Mar - 31 Dec

Escape Room WO-II: Drukkerij

In our educational Escape Room you have an hour to solve all riddles and crack the codes. A piece of Nijmegen history comes to life in this unique experience.

9 Jul - 31 Dec

75 bijzondere Sunset Marches